Introduction to advantages and problems of shaken cultures
Biochemical Engineering Journal, 2001, 7(2), 91-98
Shaking bioreactors are the most frequently used reaction vessels in biotechnology and have been so for many decades. In spite of their large practical importance, very little is known about the characteristic properties of shaken cultures from an engineering point of view. The few publications available contain to some extent contradicting statements and conflicting advice concerning the correct operating conditions of shaking bioreactors. Depending on the investigated microbial system, the engineering parameters may more or less significantly influence the experimental results in a quantitative as well as in a qualitative manner. Unfortunately, these kind of interactions are often overlooked or ignored by scientists. Precise knowledge about the controlling hydrodynamic phenomena in shaking bioreactors and quantitative information about the physical parameters influencing the cultures are needed to assure reproducible and meaningful operating conditions. In this introduction, the state of the art of culturing microorganisms in shaking bioreactors is reviewed and some issues of their practical application in screening and process development projects are addressed. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
shaking bioreactors, baffle, power consumption, mixing, fluid mechanics, oxygen transfer