G. Dünnebier, D. van Hessem, Jitendra Kadam, K.-U. Klatt, Martin Schlegel:
Optimization and control of polymerization processes
Chemical Engineering Technology, 2005, 28(5), 575-580
Polymers today are indispensable products used in all parts of everyday live. The range of applications includes standard applications such as textile fibers, CDs and packaging materials, and special ones in the automobile and electrical industries or optical compontents. A hundred million metric tons of polymers are produced every year throughout the world in a board spectrum of types and prices. While quality demands on upmarket polymers have steadly increased in recend years, former specialized polymers are now becoming mass-producted articles with much lower profit margins, causing tremendous pressure to make production more efficient and cost-effective. Constantly increasing marked dynamics also demand flexibility in production planning to accommodate changes in plant load, product types, and quality. To operate polymerization processes economically, process automation must enable strict compliance with the requirent product characteristics couplet with fast responses to market demands at minimum costs.