MeLOn - Machine Learning models for Optimization

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Artur Schweidtmann

Scientific Staff

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+49 241 80 97018

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  Diagram with three gears Copyright: AVT.SVT

The open-source beta version of MeLOn can be found on the GitLab homepage.

Machine Learning models for Optimization (MeLOn) is toolbox that integrates machine-learning models into optimization problems. MeLOn is being developed by Artur M. Schweidtmann, Linus Netze and Alexander Mitsos at AVT.SVT.

MeLOn provides scripts for the training of various machine-learning models and their C++ implementation which can be used in the open-source solver. The machine-learning module git repository currently contains the following models: Artificial neural networks for regression and Gaussian processes for regression (also known as Kriging). Further models are under current development and will be published soon. MeLOn is a submodule of our global solver MAiNGO. Thus, it will be automatically included as a submodule when you download MAiNGO. Then, the developed machine learning models can be used within MAiNGO.

 
 

MeLOn provides scripts for the training of various machine-learning models and their C++ implementation which can be used in the open-source solver The machine-learning module git repository currently contains the following models: Artificial neural networks for regression Gaussian processes for regression (also known as Kriging). Further models are under current develpment and will be published soon. MeLOn is a submodule of our global solver MAiNGO. Thus, it will be automatically included as a submodule when you download MAiNGO. Then, the developed machine learning models can be used within MAiNGO.

Applications

It has been shown that a reduced-space formulation used by us is very profitable when optimizing artificial neural networks and Gaussian processes. It allows for an efficient optimization of mechanistic/data-driven models with artificial neural networks embedded, where the artificial neural networks can, e.g., replace complex thermodynamics or describe experimental data.

The proposed method has been used in various applications:

Applications of deterministic global optimization with artificial neural networks embedded

Applications of deterministic global optimization with Gaussian processes embedded

References

  • Rall, D., Menne, D., Schweidtmann, A. M., Kamp, J., von Kolzenberg, L., Mitsos, A., & Wessling, M. (2019). Rational design of ion separation membranes. Journal of membrane science, 569, 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2018.10.013
  • Rall, D., Schweidtmann, A. M., Aumeier, B. M., Kamp, J., Karwe, J., Ostendorf, K., Mitsos, A. & Wessling, M. (2020). Simultaneous rational design of ion separation membranes and processes. Journal of Membrane Science, 117860. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.117860
  • Rall, D., Schweidtmann, A. M., Kruse, M., Evdochenko, E., Mitsos, A. & Wessling, M. (2020). Multi-scale membrane process optimization with high-fidelity ion transport models through machine learning. Journal of Membrane Science, In Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.117860
  • Schweidtmann, A. M., & Mitsos, A. (2019). Deterministic global optimization with artificial neural networks embedded. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, 180(3), 925-948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10957-018-1396-0
  • Schweidtmann, A. M., Huster, W. R., Lüthje, J. T., & Mitsos, A. (2019). Deterministic global process optimization: Accurate (single-species) properties via artificial neural networks. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 121, 67-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2018.10.007
  • Schweidtmann, A. M., Bongartz, D., Huster, W. R., & Mitsos, A. (2019). Deterministic Global Process Optimization: Flash Calculations via Artificial Neural Networks. In Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Vol. 46, pp. 937-942). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818634-3.50157-0
  • Schweidtmann, A. M., Bongartz, D., Grothe, D., Kerkenhoff, T., Lin, X., Najman, J., & Mitsos, A. (2020). Global optimization of Gaussian processes. Submitted. Preprint available on https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.10902.
  • Huster, W. R., Schweidtmann, A. M., & Mitsos, A. (2019). Impact of accurate working fluid properties on the globally optimal design of an organic Rankine cycle. In Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (Vol. 47, pp. 427-432). Elsevier.https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818597-1.50068-0
  • Huster, W. R., Schweidtmann, A. M., & Mitsos, A. (2020). Working fluid selection for organic rankine cycles via deterministic global optimization of design and operation. Optimization and Engineering, (Vol. 21, pp. 517-536).https://doi.org/10.1007/s11081-019-09454-1
  • Schäfer, P., Schweidtmann, A. M., Lenz, P. H., Markgraf, H. M., & Mitsos, A. (2020). Wavelet-based grid-adaptation for nonlinear scheduling subject to time-variable electricity prices. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 132, 106598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2019.106598